An Unprecedented Discovery
Wind Nebulae From Pulsars
Magnetars are another powerful type of neutron star. These mysterious objects have extremely vigorous magnetic fields. X-ray and gamma ray emissions often originate from these stars. Unlike other neutron stars, magnetars rotate slower, only once every few seconds. While the Earth has a magnetic field of 30 – 60 microtesla, magnetars boast fields of upwards of 1011 tesla. While the formation is still mysterious, a double star interaction may play a key role.
One of a Kind?
As of now, only 29 of the known 2,600 neutron stars are classified as magnetars. If the process is similar to pulsars, then 10% of the magnetar’s rotational energy loss would be needed to power the nebula’s. By understanding the origins to this nebula, scientists may uncover much needed clues to the origin and evolution of magnetars.